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中国博士揭秘琥珀恐龙发现过程:目前无法复活

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月21日 07:14:20
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(藏)(有)(恐)(龙)(尾)(巴)(的)(琥)(珀)(“伊)(娃)(”。
  邢)(立)(达)(和)(研)(究)(人)(员)(展)(示)(含)(有)(恐)(龙)(尾)(巴)(的)(琥)(珀)(“伊)(娃)(”。
  以)(中)(国)(地)(质)(大)(学)(博)(士)(邢)(立)(达)(为)(首)(的)(科)(研)(团)(队)(宣)(布)(,在)(一)(块)(近)(1亿)(年)(前)(的)(琥)(珀)(中)(,他)(们)(发)(现)(了)(一)(段)(恐)(龙)(的)(尾)(巴)(组)(织)(,这)(是)(有)(史)(以)(来)(人)(类)(发)(现)(的)(第)(一)(件)(琥)(珀)(中)(的)(恐)(龙)(标)(本)(。
  消)(息)(甫)(出)(,很)(多)(第)(一)(反)(应)(想)(到)(《侏)(罗)(纪)(公)(园)(》的)(网)(友)(热)(议)(,这)(是)(否)(意)(味)(着)(凭)(借)(琥)(珀)(恐)(龙)(里)(的)(基)(因)(,可)(以)(让)(恐)(龙)(“死)(而)(复)(生)(”?9日)(上)(午)(,邢)(立)(达)(在)(接)(受)(北)(京)(青)(年)(报)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(表)(示)(,他)(是)(2015年)(6月)(购)(入)(的)(这)(块)(琥)(珀)(,一)(开)(始)(供)(货)(方)(认)(为)(里)(面)(的)(恐)(龙)(尾)(巴)(是)(某)(种)(植)(物)(。“它)(是)(人)(类)(迄)(今)(为)(止)(发)(现)(的)(最)(鲜)(活)(的)(恐)(龙)(形)(态)(。”邢)(立)(达)(如)(是)(说)(。
  推)(测)(恐)(龙)(身)(长)(18.5厘)(米)(
  在)(琥)(珀)(中)(寻)(找)(恐)(龙)(的)(身)(影)(?“脑)(洞)(大)(开)(”的)(想)(法)(如)(今)(有)(了)(依)(据)(。
  中)(加)(英)(美)(等)(国)(的)(古)(生)(物)(学)(家)(9日)(宣)(布)(,他)(们)(发)(现)(了)(有)(史)(以)(来)(第)(一)(件)(琥)(珀)(中)(的)(恐)(龙)(标)(本)(,由)(中)(国)(地)(质)(大)(学)(博)(士)(邢)(立)(达)(与)(加)(拿)(大)(萨)(斯)(喀)(彻)(温)(省)(皇)(家)(博)(物)(馆)(教)(授)(瑞)(安)(·麦)(凯)(勒)(领)(衔)(的)(论)(文)(已)(在)(线)(发)(表)(在)(《当)(代)(生)(物)(学)(》。
  从)(照)(片)(来)(看)(,琥)(珀)(中)(的)(恐)(龙)(标)(本)(非)(常)(小)(,保)(存)(完)(好)(。
  “是)(一)(段)(毛)(茸)(茸)(的)(尾)(巴)(,就)(像)(一)(棵)(扫)(帚)(菜)(。”邢)(立)(达)(介)(绍)(,尾)(巴)(展)(开)(后)(长)(度)(约)(为)(6厘)(米)(,推)(测)(恐)(龙)(全)(身)(长)(度)(为)(18.5厘)(米)(。标)(本)(背)(面)(有)(着)(栗)(棕)(色)(的)(羽)(毛)(,腹)(面)(则)(是)(接)(近)(白)(色)(的)(羽)(毛)(。
  “由)(于)(琥)(珀)(的)(特)(殊)(性)(,我)(们)(眼)(前)(的)(恐)(龙)(尾)(巴)(与)(生)(前)(的)(形)(态)(非)(常)(接)(近)(。”邢)(立)(达)(说)(,这)(件)(标)(本)(发)(现)(于)(缅)(甸)(北)(部)(克)(钦)(邦)(胡)(康)(河)(谷)(,来)(自)(白)(垩)(纪)(中)(期)(诺)(曼)(森)(阶)(,距)(今)(约)(9900万)(年)(。
  “伊)(娃)(”属)(于)(手)(盗)(龙)(类)(
  邢)(立)(达)(说)(,2010年)(在)(加)(拿)(大)(留)(学)(时)(,他)(的)(一)(名)(师)(兄)(在)(琥)(珀)(中)(发)(现)(了)(恐)(龙)(的)(羽)(毛)(,这)(给)(了)(他)(很)(大)(启)(发)(,从)(此)(以)(后)(便)(开)(始)(收)(集)(可)(能)(含)(有)(古)(生)(物)(组)(织)(的)(琥)(珀)(。
  在)(邢)(立)(达)(的)(微)(信)(朋)(友)(圈)(,每)(隔)(一)(段)(时)(间)(他)(就)(会)(将)(自)(己)(从)(琥)(珀)(中)(的)(发)(现)(分)(享)(出)(来)(。邢)(立)(达)(告)(诉)(北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(,类)(似)(这)(样)(的)(琥)(珀)(,他)(过)(去)(几)(年)(收)(藏)(了)(200多)(件)(。
  中)(国)(科)(学)(院)(古)(脊)(椎)(动)(物)(与)(古)(人)(类)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)(徐)(星)(表)(示)(,新)(发)(现)(的)(这)(段)(尾)(巴)(标)(本)(包)(括)(了)(至)(少)(9个)(尾)(椎)(,研)(究)(人)(员)(将)(其)(起)(名)(“伊)(娃)(”。从)(“伊)(娃)(”的)(尾)(巴)(骨)(骼)(形)(态)(来)(看)(,它)(与)(典)(型)(的)(非)(鸟)(虚)(骨)(龙)(类)(恐)(龙)(类)(似)(,区)(别)(于)(典)(型)(的)(古)(鸟)(类)(;从)(羽)(毛)(来)(看)(,属)(于)(基)(干)(手)(盗)(龙)(类)(。
  据)(介)(绍)(,手)(盗)(龙)(类)(是)(虚)(骨)(龙)(类)(的)(一)(个)(演)(化)(支)(,其)(中)(不)(乏)(一)(些)(非)(常)(小)(的)(个)(体)(,比)(如)(生)(活)(在)(1.6亿)(年)(前)(我)(国)(华)(北)(的)(近)(鸟)(龙)(,体)(长)(仅)(34厘)(米)(,重)(约)(110克)(,就)(是)(一)(种)(拥)(有)(飞)(羽)(的)(小)(型)(恐)(龙)(。
  中)(国)(博)(士)(为)(80后)(
  “羽)(毛)(形)(态)(是)(本)(次)(研)(究)(的)(重)(点)(之)(一)(。”瑞)(安)(·麦)(凯)(勒)(表)(示)(,“伊)(娃)(”标)(本)(保)(存)(了)(非)(常)(精)(致)(的)(羽)(毛)(形)(态)(学)(细)(节)(,为)(研)(究)(羽)(毛)(的)(早)(期)(演)(化)(提)(供)(了)(依)(据)(。
  中)(科)(院)(动)(物)(所)(副)(研)(究)(员)(白)(明)(和)(中)(科)(院)(高)(能)(物)(理)(研)(究)(所)(副)(研)(究)(员)(黎)(刚)(说)(,研)(究)(团)(队)(获)(取)(标)(本)(后)(,综)(合)(运)(用)(多)(种)(无)(损)(成)(像)(和)(分)(析)(手)(段)(进)(行)(研)(究)(,得)(到)(了)(在)(羽)(毛)(内)(部)(的)(尾)(部)(脊)(椎)(的)(高)(清)(3D形)(态)(。
  “他)(能)(够)(有)(这)(个)(发)(现)(,我)(并)(不)(觉)(得)(奇)(怪)(。”一)(位)(网)(友)(告)(诉)(北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(,他)(一)(年)(多)(前)(就)(是)(邢)(立)(达)(的)(粉)(丝)(了)(。对)(于)(一)(些)(网)(友)(来)(说)(,邢)(立)(达)(的)(名)(字)(并)(不)(陌)(生)(,他)(的)(微)(博)(粉)(丝)(有)(10万)(多)(人)(,其)(微)(博)(认)(证)(除)(了)(学)(者)(,还)(是)(一)(名)(科)(普)(作)(家)(。此)(前)(他)(一)(本)(畅)(销)(书)(的)(名)(字)(叫)(《把)(恐)(龙)(做)(成)(大)(餐)(》,这)(本)(书)(以)(如)(何)(将)(恐)(龙)(肉)(和)(蛋)(做)(成)(好)(吃)(的)(为)(线)(索)(,讲)(述)(了)(恐)(龙)(时)(代)(的)(故)(事)(,受)(到)(很)(多)(网)(友)(特)(别)(是)(小)(朋)(友)(的)(欢)(迎)(。
  邢)(立)(达)(告)(诉)(北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(,他)(高)(中)(的)(时)(候)(,自)(学)(电)(脑)(,创)(办)(了)(中)(国)(第)(一)(个)(恐)(龙)(网)(站)(“恐)(龙)(网)(”,这)(些)(经)(历)(成)(为)(他)(做)(一)(名)(研)(究)(恐)(龙)(的)(学)(者)(的)(契)(机)(。一)(位)(邢)(立)(达)(的)(学)(生)(告)(诉)(北)(青)(报)(记)(者)(,邢)(立)(达)(并)(非)(老)(教)(授)(,而)(是)(一)(位)(刚)(刚)(留)(校)(工)(作)(的)(80后)(,但)(和)(邢)(立)(达)(接)(触)(起)(来)(非)(常)(轻)(松)(,“邢)(老)(师)(有)(时)(候)(会)(用)(科)(幻)(小)(说)(的)(故)(事)(来)(鼓)(励)(我)(们)(,多)(思)(考)(、多)(创)(新)(,我)(觉)(得)(这)(次)(他)(的)(发)(现)(也)(和)(创)(新)(精)(神)(有)(很)(大)(的)(关)(系)(。”
  恐)(龙)(没)(有)(灭)(绝)(,它)(的)(一)(个)(分)(支)(进)(化)(成)(为)(了)(鸟)(类)(,这)(次)(发)(现)(也)(证)(明)(了)(这)(一)(点)(。”邢)(立)(达)(说)(。
  对)(话)(
  《侏)(罗)(纪)(公)(园)(》还)(远)(现)(在)(无)(法)(让)(恐)(龙)(复)(活)(
  北)(青)(报)(:从)(什)(么)(时)(候)(开)(始)(关)(注)(琥)(珀)(内)(的)(恐)(龙)(的)(?
  邢)(立)(达)(:这)(个)(从)(几)(年)(前)(就)(开)(始)(了)(。当)(时)(我)(注)(意)(到)(缅)(甸)(的)(一)(些)(琥)(珀)(内)(出)(现)(了)(羽)(毛)(、蜥)(蜴)(的)(组)(织)(,之)(后)(多)(次)(去)(缅)(甸)(考)(察)(,并)(和)(当)(地)(的)(一)(些)(华)(人)(华)(侨)(建)(立)(了)(联)(系)(,他)(们)(发)(现)(琥)(珀)(里)(有)(值)(得)(研)(究)(的)(古)(生)(物)(痕)(迹)(,就)(会)(寄)(给)(我)(。
  北)(青)(报)(:琥)(珀)(“伊)(娃)(”是)(怎)(么)(得)(到)(的)(?
  邢)(立)(达)(:去)(年)(6月)(我)(拿)(到)(的)(。最)(开)(始)(缅)(甸)(的)(当)(地)(人)(以)(为)(尾)(巴)(那)(部)(分)(是)(一)(种)(植)(物)(,加)(上)(琥)(珀)(里)(有)(两)(只)(蚂)(蚁)(,就)(定)(名)(为)(“蚂)(蚁)(上)(树)(”。后)(来)(我)(注)(意)(到)(这)(个)(“植)(物)(”是)(带)(羽)(毛)(的)(,就)(买)(了)(下)(来)(,因)(为)(这)(个)(年)(代)(有)(羽)(毛)(的)(动)(物)(,要)(么)(是)(恐)(龙)(,要)(么)(是)(原)(始)(的)(鸟)(类)(,不)(论)(哪)(种)(都)(是)(有)(研)(究)(价)(值)(的)(。后)(来)(我)(们)(研)(究)(确)(认)(这)(个)(尾)(巴)(是)(属)(于)(恐)(龙)(的)(,这)(是)(人)(类)(第)(一)(次)(能)(够)(看)(到)(恐)(龙)(“鲜)(活)(”的)(形)(态)(,里)(面)(的)(羽)(毛)(状)(态)(栩)(栩)(如)(生)(。
  北)(青)(报)(:那)(么)(是)(如)(何)(确)(定)(它)(是)(属)(于)(恐)(龙)(的)(呢)(?
  邢)(立)(达)(:拿)(到)(琥)(珀)(后)(,我)(们)(做)(的)(第)(一)(步)(是)(判)(断)(它)(是)(不)(是)(真)(的)(,琥)(珀)(里)(面)(有)(古)(生)(物)(两)(只)(蚂)(蚁)(,所)(以)(我)(们)(认)(为)(造)(假)(的)(可)(能)(性)(不)(大)(。后)(来)(我)(们)(又)(通)(过)(荧)(光)(反)(应)(等)(技)(术)(手)(段)(确)(认)(,这)(个)(琥)(珀)(是)(将)(近)(1亿)(年)(前)(形)(成)(的)(。
  随)(后)(,我)(们)(通)(过)(对)(里)(面)(骨)(骼)(的)(研)(究)(,排)(除)(了)(它)(属)(于)(鸟)(类)(的)(可)(能)(性)(。我)(们)(一)(开)(始)(用)(微)(CT分)(析)(里)(面)(的)(骨)(骼)(,但)(是)(精)(度)(不)(够)(,于)(是)(又)(利)(用)(了)(高)(能)(物)(理)(来)(扫)(描)(,最)(终)(通)(过)(骨)(骼)(确)(认)(其)(属)(于)(一)(种)(恐)(龙)(,应)(该)(是)(一)(种)(手)(盗)(龙)(。
  北)(青)(报)(:加)(拿)(大)(等)(地)(的)(专)(家)(也)(参)(与)(到)(了)(研)(究)(之)(中)(,他)(们)(承)(担)(了)(哪)(些)(工)(作)(呢)(?
  邢)(立)(达)(:加)(拿)(大)(方)(面)(对)(于)(原)(始)(羽)(毛)(方)(面)(的)(研)(究)(非)(常)(先)(进)(,我)(们)(的)(研)(究)(获)(得)(了)(他)(们)(的)(很)(多)(帮)(助)(。此)(外)(我)(们)(论)(文)(里)(的)(一)(些)(照)(片)(也)(是)(他)(们)(协)(助)(拍)(摄)(的)(。
  北)(青)(报)(:很)(多)(网)(友)(看)(到)(消)(息)(的)(第)(一)(反)(应)(是)(想)(到)(了)(《侏)(罗)(纪)(公)(园)(》,琥)(珀)(恐)(龙)(里)(的)(基)(因)(是)(否)(可)(以)(让)(恐)(龙)(“死)(而)(复)(生)(”?
  邢)(立)(达)(:目)(前)(的)(技)(术)(还)(不)(行)(。一)(般)(的)(生)(物)(DNA能)(保)(存)(500万)(年)(左)(右)(,在)(西)(伯)(利)(亚)(冻)(土)(那)(种)(很)(极)(端)(的)(条)(件)(下)(,可)(以)(达)(到)(600多)(万)(年)(,这)(块)(琥)(珀)(已)(经)(有)(大)(约)(1亿)(年)(的)(历)(史)(了)(,至)(少)(以)(现)(有)(的)(技)(术)(是)(无)(法)(让)(恐)(龙)(复)(活)(的)(。不)(过)(,这)(是)(我)(们)(首)(次)(看)(到)(几)(乎)(“鲜)(活)(”的)(恐)(龙)(,其)(意)(义)(依)(然)(非)(常)(大)(。
  本)(组)(文)(/本)(报)(记)(者)(屈)(畅)(
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